By Jane Adams
Jane Adams makes a speciality of the transformation of rural lifestyles in Union County, Illinois, as she explores the ways that American farming has been skilled and understood within the 20th century. Reconstructing the histories of 7 farms, she areas the main points of lifestyle in the context of political and monetary switch. Adams identifies contradictions that, on a private point, stimulated relatives among young ones and oldsters, women and men, and executives and employees, and that, extra as a rule, replaced constructions of energy in the higher rural community.In this historic ethnography, Adams strains contradictory narratives: one stresses plenitude—rich networks of friends and relatives, the power to provide households from the farm, the generosity proven to these in need—while the opposite stresses the extreme hardships and oppressive category, gender, and age inequities that characterised farm existence. the hot Deal and global warfare II disrupted either styles, because the elevated capital beneficial for profitable farming compelled many to maneuver from agriculture to higher-paid nonfarm paintings. This shift additionally replaced the constitution of the farm family, as houses modernized and girls chanced on paintings off the farm. Adams concludes that large-scale bureaucracies leveled latest category differences and that neighborhood networks eroded as farmers got here to gain a better way of life.
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Jane Adams specializes in the transformation of rural lifestyles in Union County, Illinois, as she explores the ways that American farming has been skilled and understood within the 20th century. Reconstructing the histories of 7 farms, she locations the main points of way of life in the context of political and monetary swap.
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Additional resources for The Transformation of Rural Life: Southern Illinois, 1890-1990 (Studies in Rural Culture)
The basement of carefully cut limestone was accessible from the southern slope of the hill on which the barn was built, and the first floor was accessible by an earth and plank ramp built on the northern side. The Weavers raised livestock, wheat, and some small fruits and vegeta- Page 11 bles, including sweet potatoes, for which they built a heated, sawdust-insulated potato house. Third Generation In 1915 Bruno and Minnie, parents of a five-year-old son, Charles, pulled the log house back from the promontory on which it stood and built a one-story "plains style" house on the site.
Rural conditions. I. Title. II. Series. 3'99504dc20CIP Jane Adams is associate professor of anthropology at Southern Illinois University. 98 97 96 95 94 5 4 3 2 1 Page v I dedicate this book to my parents, Edward L. and Lillian Kanet Adams, whose lives have exemplified love of the land, respect for people, delight in the intellect, and a passion for social justice. Page vii CONTENTS Preface. To Refresh the Minds of Its People xv Acknowledgments xxv Chapter 1 The Way It Was 1 Chapter 2 And We Called It Union County 37 Chapter 3 We Never Wanted for Anything 49 Chapter 4 We Worked Can See to Can't See 73 Chapter 5 All I Knew Was to Work 84 Chapter 6 House of Plenty, House of Poor 108 Chapter 7 We Were the Fattest People Ever Going to the Poor House 132 Chapter 8 God Bless Franklin Roosevelt 144 Chapter 9 Labor Got So Tight 162 Chapter 10 It Was Either I Work or We Sell the Farm 185 Page viii Chapter 11 We Used to Eat Inside and Shit Outside; Now We Eat Outside and Shit Inside 199 Chapter 12 When They Retired, They Came Back Home 226 Chapter 13 What Good Old Days?
I grew up a few miles from the county this book deals with. My family's farm, although dating only to the early 1940s, is now essentially aban- Page xvi The author and her brother, Jim, sit on the foundation of an old barn on their parents' farm, ca. 1947. Oak Ridge School is in background. Author's collection. doned, the community emptied. I grew up through the transition from relatively self-provisioning to fully commercialized farming, attended a one-room country school, was active in 4-H, and like most of my classmates, left the area as soon as I graduated from high school.
The Transformation of Rural Life: Southern Illinois, 1890-1990 (Studies in Rural Culture) by Jane Adams