New PDF release: Handbook for the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary

By United Nations

ISBN-10: 9211168953

ISBN-13: 9789211168952

Guide for the 1979 conference on lengthy diversity Transboundary pollution and Its Protocols via UN.

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2. The first review shall take place no later than one year after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol. Article 6: WORK TO BE UNDERTAlyEN The Parties shall give high priority to research and monitoring related to the development and application of an approach based on critical loads to determine, on a scientific basis, necessary reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides. The Parties shall, in particular, through national research programmes, in the work plan of the Executive Body and through other cooperative programmes within the framework of the Convention, seek to: Identify and quantify effects of emissions of nitrogen oxides on humans, plant and animal (a) life, waters, soils and materials, taking into account the impact on these of nitrogen oxides from sources other than atmospheric deposition; (b) Determine the geographical distribution of sensitive areas; (c) Develop measurements and model calculations including harmonized methodologies for the calculation of emissions, to quantify the long-range transport of nitrogen oxides and related pollutants; Improve estimates of the performance and costs of technologies for control of emissions (a) of nitrogen oxides and record the development of improved and new technologies; and Develop, in the context of an approach based on critical loads, methods to integrate (e) scientific, technical and economic data in order to determine appropriate control strategies.

Incineration of municipal and industrial waste. 7. For the ECE region, combustion processes (categories (a), (b), (c)), account for 85% of NO, emissions from stationary sources. g. production processes, account for 12%, and extraction, processing and distribution of fossil fuels for 3% of total NO, emissions. Although in many ECE c o u n ~ e s power , plants in category (a) are the largest stationary contributor to NO, emissions, road traffic is usually the largest single overall source of NO, emissions, but the distribution does vary between Parties to the Convention.

Several monitoring systems, using both continuous and discontinuous measurement methods, are available. However quality requirements vary among Parties. Measurements are to be carried out by qualified institutes and approved measuring/monitoring systems. To this end a certification system would provide the best assurance. 40. In the framework of modern automated monitoring systems and process control equipment, reporting creates no problems. The collection of data for further use is a state-of-the-art technique.

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Handbook for the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution and Its Protocols by United Nations

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