By Siobhan O???Sullivan;Mark Considine
Contracting-out Welfare Services specializes in the layout and overhaul of welfare-to-work structures around the globe within the gentle of the novel re-design of the welfare approach; the world over dependent authors utilise a national/program case examine, contemplating employment prone coverage and activation practices.
- International individuals convey a world comparative viewpoint to the subject
- Contributors are all specialists of their box, who additionally draw on a far longer highbrow legacy
- Uses employment providers as a case learn to strengthen knowing with regards to a bunch of broader ideas and concepts
- Each paper integrated in the textual content makes use of a national/program case examine, and every considers employment companies coverage normally, and activation practices in particular
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Extra resources for Contracting-out Welfare Services: Comparing National Policy Designs for Unemployment Assistance
The new system logic in itself does not constitute a sufficient condition for change to occur. The inherent system logic can thus be distinguished from mechanisms of change. Another institutional factor lies with the parallel processes in related policy domains (Thelen 1999, 2004). Interaction occurs between reforms in the benefits administration and reforms in the job brokerage system (Considine 2005a, 2005b). This can go in two directions: from the benefits system to the job brokerage system or vice versa.
If the (lack of ) success of the new system is cultivated, the change mechanism is present. The third category has to do with the actors. Following the line of Skocpol (1992), we distinguish the political/administrative actor from the field of service providers, including the interest groups. Two mechanisms for change can be distinguished here: the changed politicalbureaucratic power situation and the anticipatory behaviour of actors. To summarize, small changes in a process culminate in successive gradual changes if an interaction occurs between the inherent system logic on the one hand, and parallel reform processes, the cultivated success/failure of the new system, the changed power coalitions and the anticipatory behaviour of actors on the other hand.
These relate to the question of which factors – or, more accurately, mechanisms – cause change. Recent theories on path dependence attribute the cause of non-change to feedback mechanisms (Pierson 2000a, 2000b, 2001; Mahoney 2000) and to the internal logic or sequentiality of the path (Mahoney 2000: 530–1). Identifying the intervening processes in a sequence of events can reveal the causal mechanism. In itself, however, this does not constitute a sufficient condition to explain the evolution along a given path.
Contracting-out Welfare Services: Comparing National Policy Designs for Unemployment Assistance by Siobhan O???Sullivan;Mark Considine