By Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Reflecting the advances made in recent times, this can be a complete evaluation of calcium orthophosphates for bioceramics and biocomposites with a unique concentrate on the special description of all these to be had, together with their organic and geological prevalence, coaching, chemical composition, structure-property relationships and purposes. particularly, the booklet discusses the suitability of those orthophosphates for biomedical purposes and their use as bone grafts in surgical procedure and medicine.
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Additional resources for Calcium orthophosphate-based bioceramics and biocomposites
1. Furthermore, since ACPs do not have the deﬁnite chemical composition, the IUPAC nomenclature is not applicable to describe them. Depending on the production temperatures, all types of ACP are divided into two major groups: low-temperature ACPs (prepared in solutions, usually aqueous ones) and high-temperature ACPs . 5; 15–20% H2 O) are often encountered as a transient precursor phase during precipitation of other CaPO4 in aqueous systems. Usually, an ACP is the ﬁrst phase precipitated from supersaturated solutions (the higher supersaturation, the better) prepared by rapid mixing of solutions containing ions of calcium and orthophosphate [6, 138].
Namely, the substitution of F for OH results in a contraction in the a-axis with no signiﬁcant change in the c-axis dimensions and greater resolution of the IR absorption spectra. Similar to pure HA, pure FA never occurs in biological systems. 7% mass of F). Enameloid of shark teeth [145, 279–283] and some exoskeletons of mollusks  seem to be the only exclusions because they contain substantial amounts of ﬂuoride, present as ion-substituted, nonstoichiometric FHA or HFA. 2). Nevertheless, one should stress that the amount of ﬂuorides on the very surface of dental enamel might be substantially increased by using ﬂuoride-containing toothpastes and mouthwashes [285, 286].
28. &c. Illustrated with Fifteen Engravings, vol. 2: Printed for John and Arthur Arch, Couninll; and William Phillips, George Yard, Lombard Street, London, 176 pp. Boonchom, B. (2009) Parallelogram-like microparticles of calcium dihydrogen phosphate monohydrate (Ca(H2 PO4 )2 ⋅H2 O) obtained by a rapid precipitation route in aqueous and acetone media. J. , 482, 199–202. B. (2013) Facile, alternative synthesis of spherical-like Ca(H2 PO4 )2 ⋅H2 O nanoparticle by aqueous-methanol media. Adv. Mater.
Calcium orthophosphate-based bioceramics and biocomposites by Sergey V. Dorozhkin