By Martellucci S., Chester A.N., Aspect A.
Physics researchers survey the tools used to supply, control, and examine the condensate in dilute atomic gases, that have generated loads of pleasure seeing that their experimental demonstration in 1995. They emphasize the expected improvement of recent different types of assets for the unconventional macroscopic quantum procedure of coherent atoms. Such assets are having a look an increasing number of just like a number of the varieties of lasers< - >pulsed, CW, mode locked< - >and prone to produce a revolution just like that sparked via lasers 4 a long time formerly. The 23 papers contain the court cases of a global college of quantum electronics held in Erice, Italy in October 1999.
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R. P. B. S. Durfee, A. Görlitz, S. Gupta, Z. Hadzibabic, S. Inouye, M. E. O. -J. Miesner, R. Onofrio, T. E. Pritchard, C. M. Stamper-Kurn, J. G. J. van Druten, and J. Vogels. I thank A. Görlitz for valuable comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by the ONR, NSF, ARO, NASA, and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. REFERENCES 1. , 1925, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad. , Bericht 3, p. 18. 2. , 1995, Science 269: 198. W. Ketterle 27 3. , 1995, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75: 3969. 4. , 1997, Phys.
The loss term Lj describes the decoherence rate of the matter-wave grating and determines the threshold for exponential growth (see Ref.  for details). 22 Experimental Studies of Bose-Einstein Condensates in Sodium Input matter waves with a well defined momentum were generated by exposing the condensate to a pulsed optical standing wave which transferred a small fraction of the atoms into a recoil mode by Bragg diffraction51,44. 7 GHz from the transition to suppress normal Rayleigh scattering.
Rev. Lett. 81: 243. , Anderson, M. , Ensher, J. , and Cornell, E. , 1995, Stable, tightly confining magnetic trap for evaporative cooling of neutral atoms, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74: 3352. Hall, D. , Ensher, J. , Jin, D. , Matthews, M. , Wieman, C. , and Cornell, E. , 1999, Recent experiments with Bose-condensed gases at JILA, Proc. SPIE 3270:98 (1998); e-print cond-mat/9903459. , Fedichev, P. , and Shlyapnikov, G. , 1999, Dynamics of two interacting Bose-Einstein condensates, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82: 251.
Bose-Einstein Condensates and Atom Lasers by Martellucci S., Chester A.N., Aspect A.