By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson
This new version of Mark Jacobson's textbook presents a finished advent to the historical past and technology of the foremost pollution and weather difficulties that face the area this day, in addition to the power and coverage suggestions to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly up to date with new information, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale options to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour images and diagrams and lots of extra examples and homework difficulties were further. this can be an incredible introductory textbook on pollution for college students taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technology, Earth technological know-how, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and legislation. it is going to additionally shape a beneficial reference textual content for researchers, and an creation to the topic for common audiences.
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Predictive theories of phenomena regarding part swap with purposes in engineering are investigated during this quantity, e. g. solid-liquid part swap, quantity and floor harm, and section swap concerning temperature discontinuities. Many different part switch phenomena reminiscent of solid-solid section swap match reminiscence alloys and vapor-liquid section swap also are explored.
Sunlight, wind and water draining from the land have interaction with the morphological good points of a water physique to create the surroundings skilled by way of freshwater crops and animals. the results of this interplay could be regarded as the freshwater hydro weather and this performs an analogous position as that of traditional weather in terrestrial ecology.
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Extra resources for Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions
13 can account for losses due not only to chemistry, but also to rainfall and removal by biological consumption of the species at the ground. 1 The main loss of methane in the atmosphere is due to the chemical reaction CH4 (g) + OH(g) → CH3 (g) + H2 O(g). 0 × 105 molec. cm−3 . If the e-folding lifetime of methane against loss by soil bacteria metabolism at the surface is 160 years, calculate the overall lifetime of CH4 (g) against loss by both processes combined. 2 years due to chemical reaction alone.
The name “calcium” was derived from the word calx, the name the Romans used for lime. Calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and is emitted in soil dust and sea spray particles. In 1810, Davy also named the element chlorine, previously called oxymuriatic acid. He proved that chlorine was an element and that muriatic gas [HCl(g), hydrochloric acid gas] contains chlorine and hydrogen, but no oxygen. He similarly proved that hydrofluoric acid gas [HF(g)] contains no oxygen.
It is removed from the air primarily by soil bacteria. 3. Ammonia and Carbon Dioxide (Gases) John Baptist Van Helmont (1577–1644), born in Belgium, introduced the term gas into the chemical vocabulary. He produced what he called gas silvestre (“gas that is wild and dwells in out-of-the-way places”) by fermenting alcoholic liquor, burning charcoal, and acidifying marble and chalk. The gas he discovered in all three cases, but did not know at the time, was carbon dioxide [CO2 (g)]. Another gas he produced was an inflammable vapor evolved from dung.
Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions by Professor Mark Z. Jacobson