Read e-book online A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to PDF

By Pieter Vermaas, Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen, Ibo van de Poel, Wybo Houkes

ISBN-10: 160845598X

ISBN-13: 9781608455980

In A Philosophy of expertise: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical structures, know-how is analysed from a sequence of other views. The research begins through focussing at the such a lot tangible items of expertise, referred to as technical artefacts, after which builds step-wise in the direction of contemplating these artefacts inside their context of use, and eventually as embedded in encompassing sociotechnical platforms that still contain people as operators and social ideas like laws. Philosophical characterisations are given of technical artefacts, their context of use and of sociotechnical platforms. Analyses are provided of ways technical artefacts are designed in engineering and what different types of technological wisdom is keen on engineering. And the problem is taken into account how engineers and others can or can't effect the advance of expertise. those characterisations are complemented through moral analyses of the ethical prestige of technical artefacts and the probabilities and impossibilities for engineers to steer this prestige whilst designing artefacts and the sociotechnical structures within which artefacts are embedded. The operating instance within the booklet is aviation, the place aeroplanes are examples of technical artefacts and the realm aviation method is an instance of a sociotechnical approach. concerns on the topic of the layout of quiet aeroplane engines and the motives of aviation injuries are analysed for illustrating the ethical prestige of designing, and the function of engineers therein. desk of Contents: Technical Artefacts / Technical Designing / Ethics and Designing / Technological wisdom / Sociotechnical platforms / The position of Social elements in Technological improvement / Ethics and unintentional outcomes of know-how

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Extra info for A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society)

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The designing of such new components could hail the dawn of a new technical design project in which the requested subfunction is further broken down into new subfunctions for which existing components could be used. In design methodology, various methods have been developed that can guide engineers in their reasoning processes throughout the different phases. We shall discuss just a few of them here. 12 In this particular method, functions and subfunctions are presented as operations on flows of material, energy and signals.

In other cases, though, the difference can be important. It may be argued that, for engineers, there are many more possibilities if the primary intention behind the artefact they design is to transport people over long distances in a short span of time rather than to design an artefact that merely has the capacity to transport people by air; in the first case, a high speed train could also emerge as a possible outcome of the design process. When analysing how engineers define functions and how they characterise technical designing, this kind of ambiguity is a fact that simply has to be noted and accepted.

Engineers presume that for every function F , there exist different physical structures S, S , … for artefacts that can fulfil F . So, then there are also numerous possible descriptions DS , DS , … Conversely, it is also presumed that an artefact with a given physical structure S can fulfil a number of functions F , F , … Both presumptions can be covered by the slogans Function doesn’t follow form and Form doesn’t follow function. The consequence of this is that reasoning in technical designing is not a deduction of the description DS from the given function F .

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A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society) by Pieter Vermaas, Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen, Ibo van de Poel, Wybo Houkes

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