Download e-book for iPad: A History of Philosophy [Vol VII] : modern philosophy : from by Frederick Copleston

By Frederick Copleston

ISBN-10: 0385470444

ISBN-13: 9780385470445

Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A background Of Philosophy has journeyed some distance past the modest function of its writer to common acclaim because the top historical past of philosophy in English.

Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of substantial erudition who as soon as tangled with A. J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the life of God and the potential for metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient diet of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers used to be reduced to simplistic caricatures. Copleston set out to redress the inaccurate through writing an entire background of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and intellectual pleasure -- and person who offers full place to every philosopher, featuring his inspiration in a beautifully rounded demeanour and exhibiting his links to those that went prior to and to people who came after him.

The results of Copleston's prodigious labors is a historical past of philosophy that's not going ever to be passed. Thought journal summed up the overall contract between students and scholars alike whilst it reviewed Copleston's A historical past of Philosophy as "broad-minded and aim, accomplished and scholarly, unified and good proportioned... we won't suggest [it] too highly."

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Extra resources for A History of Philosophy [Vol VII] : modern philosophy : from the post-Kantian idealists to Marx, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche

Example text

The absolute ego is to be conceived as activity; And this activity is fundamentally an infinite striving. But striving, according to Fichte, implies overcoming, and overcoming requires an obstacle to overcome. Hence the ego must posit the non-ego, Nature, as an obstacle to be overcome, as a check to be transcended. In other words, Nature is a necessary means or instrument to the moral self-realization of the ego. It is a field for action. Fichte does not, however, proceed directly from the idea of the ego as striving to the positing of the non-ego.

The power of imagination was prominent in the philosophy of Kant, whereit served as an indispensable link between sensibility and understanding. 1 But with Fichte it assumes an all-important role in grounding ordinary or empirical consciousness. It is not, of course, a kind of third force in addition to the ego and non-ego: it is the activity of the ego itself, that is, the absolute ego. In. his earlier writings Fichte may sometimes give the impression that he is talking about the activity of the individual self, but when he reviews the development of his thought he protests that he never meant this.

And impulse can then become 'impulse towards the object'. 1 I t is worth noting that for Fichte feeling is the basis of all belief in reality. The ego feels impulse or drive as power or force (Kraft) which is hindered. The feeling of force and the feeling of hindrance go together. And the total feeling is the foundation of belief in reality. 'Here lies the ground of all reality. Only through the relation of feeling to the ego ... '1 Belief in reality is based ultimately on feeling, not on any theoretical argument.

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A History of Philosophy [Vol VII] : modern philosophy : from the post-Kantian idealists to Marx, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche by Frederick Copleston


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